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Common Causes of Dry Eye

The ocular surface can be affected by lack of tears (dry spots), lack of tear volume (not enough tears), or poor tear quality (what's in the tears). This is called "Chronic Dry Eye Syndrome or CDES." The most common causes include:

  • AGING - Tear flow normally decreases with age. 75% of those over 65 suffer from CDES.
  • CONTACT LENS WEAR - Contact lens wear can increase tear evaporation, causing discomfort, infection, and/or increased protein deposits. Research shows that CDES is the leading cause of contact lens intolerance.
  • FEMALE HORMONES - Hormonal changes at all ages, pregnancy, oral contraceptives, and menopause can contribute to CDES.
  • ENVIRONMENTAL FACTORS - Smoke, air pollution, poor indoor air quality, fans, dehumidifiers, pollen, high altitudes, jobs dealing with paint, chemicals, flying debris or dust.
  • MEDICATIONS - many medications including blood pressure medications, decongestants, antihistamines, anti-depressants, sleeping pills, diuretics, and many others can affect tear production and or tear quality.
  • AUTOIMMUNE DISEASE - Auto Immune Disease accompanied by dry mouth or dry eyes is called Sjogrens Syndrome.
  • LASER VISION CORRECTION - It is not uncommon to have symptoms of dry eyes post vision corrective surgery.

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